Influence of pseudo-stem and kodo millet on quality parameters of paneer
1Nutrition and Dietetics, Periyar University, Periyar Palkalai Nagar, Salem-636011, Tamilnadu, India
*Corresponding author: Nazni P Nutrition and Dietetics, Periyar University, Periyar Palkalai Nagar, Salem-636011, Tamilnadu-India firstname.lastname@example.org
How to cite this article: Nazni P, Raisunnisa S. Influence of pseudo-stem and kodo millet on quality parameters of paneer. J Food Diets Res 2021;1(1):7–13.
Objectives:This study was performed to find out the effect of different types of food grade acids on the on the quality of banana pseudo-stem (PS) powder and kodo millet (KM) flour incorporated paneer.
Material and Methods:Three different types of food grade acids such as citric acid, tartaric acid and malic acid each at 2, 3, 4, and 5 percentage concentrations were added to assess the physiochemical, textural and organoleptic parameters of banana pseudo-stem (PS) powder and kodo millet (KM) flour incorporated paneer.
Results:The moisture, protein, ash, yield, soluble, insoluble and total fiber of PSKM paneer increased with the increasing strength of the food grade acid. However, the specified parameters for PSKM paneer made using coagulants at 2, and 3 percent levels were statistically comparable (P > 0.05) except insoluble fiber content. Most of the textural and sensory characters of the PSKM paneer decreased with increasing concentration of the food grade acid. The type of coagulant also showed variations in the majority of the constitutions of PSKM paneer. The KMF paneer samples made with citric acid and tartaric acid had significantly higher (P < 0.05) values for moisture, protein, fat ash, total yield, soluble fiber, insoluble fiber and total fiber than PSKM paneer made with malic acid at all concentrations. No significant difference was seen in textural characteristics and sensory scores among all the samples.
Conclusion:Hence, to fabricate PSKM paneer with the majority desirable characteristics from pseudo stem powder and kodo millet flour, it is recommended that citric acid and tartaric acid at 5 percent concentration can be utilized as coagulants.
Kodo millet flour